Map - North America (North America)

North America (North America)
North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea, and to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean. Because it is on the North American Tectonic Plate, Greenland is included as a part of North America geographically.

North America covers an area of about 24709000 km2, about 16.5% of Earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface area. North America is the third-largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population. In human geography and in the English-speaking world outside the United States, particularly in Canada, "North America" and "North American" can refer to just Canada and the United States together.

North America was reached by its first human populations during the Last Glacial Period, via crossing the Bering land bridge approximately 20,000 to 17,000 years ago. The so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). The classic stage spans roughly the 6th to 13th centuries. The first recorded Europeans to visit North America (other than Greenland) were the Norse around 1000 AD. Christopher Columbus's arrival in 1492 sparked a transatlantic exchange which included migrations of European settlers during the Age of Discovery and the early modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, immigrants from Europe, Asia, and the descendants of these groups.

Owing to Europe's colonization of the Americas, most North Americans speak European languages such as English, Spanish or French, and their cultures commonly reflect Western traditions. However, in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Central America, there are indigenous populations continuing their cultural traditions and speaking native languages.

The Americas are usually accepted as having been named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass previously unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller produced a world map, in which he placed the word "America" on the continent of South America. What was known about the continent was referred to as Parias above what is today Mexico. On a 1553 world map published by Petrus Apianus, North America was called Baccalearum, meaning "realm of the Cod fish", in reference to the abundance of Cod fish on the east coast.

Waldseemüller used the Latinized version of Vespucci's name (Americus Vespucius), but in its feminine form "America", following the examples of "Europa", "Asia" and "Africa". Later mapmakers extended the name America to the northern continent. In 1538, Gerard Mercator used America on his map of the world for the entire Western Hemisphere.

Gerardus Mercator on his map called North America "America or New India" (America sive India Nova). The Spanish Empire called its territories in North and South America "Las Indias"; the state body overseeing them was the Council of the Indies.

 
Map - North America (North America)
Map
Google Earth - Map - North America
Google Earth
Openstreetmap - Map - North America
Openstreetmap
Map - North AmericaNorth_america_blank_range_map.jpg
North_america_blank_...
2253x1992
freemapviewer.org
Map - North AmericaNorth_america_terrain_2003_map.jpg
North_america_terrai...
3300x2938
freemapviewer.org
Map - North America1181px-North_America_laea_location_map.svg.jpg
1181px-North_America...
1181x1185
freemapviewer.org
Map - North Americanorth_america.jpg
north_america.jpg
1514x2009
freemapviewer.org
Map - North AmericaNorth_America_laea_relief_location_map.jpg
North_America_laea_r...
1181x1185
freemapviewer.org
North_america_terrai...
3300x2938
upload.wikimedia.org
academia_north_ameri...
3356x2381
www.worldmapsonline....
Mapa-Mudo-Politico-d...
2147x2215
mapas.owje.com
North-America-Politi...
2147x2215
www.zonu.com
Map_of_North_America...
2107x2168
images.wikia.com
North_america_blank_...
2253x1992
upload.wikimedia.org
Map_of_North_America...
1838x2344
images.wikia.com
North-America-physic...
1900x2068
www.zonu.com
NorthAmericaMap-big_...
2103x1858
www.tke-view.com
Map_of_Eastern_North...
1898x2000
images.wikia.com
large_detailed_physi...
2200x1651
www.vidiani.com
North-America-politi...
1663x2140
www.zonu.com
north_america_detail...
1663x2140
www.vidiani.com
north-america-3.gif
1676x2103
www.geographicguide....
North-America-Politi...
1676x2103
www.zonu.com
North_America_Flag_M...
1825x1919
fc08.deviantart.net
north-america-map.jp...
1657x2067
www.geographicguide....
large_detailed_human...
1684x1940
www.vidiani.com
North_America_W-Leag...
1660x1827
upload.wikimedia.org
North_America_USL_Pr...
1660x1827
upload.wikimedia.org